When working correctly, the TMJ is a beautifully efficient example of natural dynamics. It enables us to eat, talk, and display a range of human emotions – smiling in particular – and, when looked after, it should last the required life time of the owner.
However, when things go wrong for the TMJ, problems can rapidly arise. Here are a few afflictions that can be traced to a dysfunctioning TMJ:
• Clicking and/or locking jaws
• Headaches [including migraines]
• Limited jaw opening
• Tinnitus [ringing ears]
• Bruxism [tooth grinding or clenching]
• Eye pain and/or light sensitivity
• Swallowing problems
• Head and face pain
• balance problems
• neck and shoulder problems
Not only is all this confusing, but there is even more confusion in the terminology of this group of disorders. We have mentioned temporo-mandibular joint dysfunction. Then there is cranio-mandibular cervical pain. And as well there is myofacial pain dysfunction where the primary problem is not in the joint itself but rather in the associated head and neck muscles.
Most patients who come to us with TMJ problems are concerned about their clicking jaws and perhaps headaches or migraines. Then they realise a lot of other unexplained problems [especially those listed above] may have the same or a related cause. Many of these patients will have experienced these problems for years, and will have sought help from a range of health professionals – doctors, physiotherapists, massage therapists, osteopaths, and acupuncturists – to name just a few.
If the relationship of the bones in the jaw joint is out of harmony with the dental bite, then whatever drugs or manipulations or massage techniques are tried, once the teeth bite together, then that therapy turns to custard.
So the best health professional to treat TMJ problems is a general dentist who is trained in the diagnosis and treatment of TMJ problems. Unfortunately there is practically no instruction on the TMJ and its functions and pathologies at University Dental Schools. It is up to the individual dentist to further his education in this field by joining organisations of dentists who have a special interest in TMJ problems and by attending courses and conferences [usually overseas] on jaw joint disorders and head and neck pain.
There is no dental speciality for the treatment of TMJ disorders. Sometime oral surgeons will state that they are ‘specialists’ in treating jaw joint problems. This is not quite correct. Oral surgeons tend to look at surgery as an appropriate treatment for jaw pathologies. We strongly disagree with this approach and, over the years, we have treated many patients who could be described as ‘dental cripples’ following surgery to their joints.
On the other hand we do cooperate frequently with doctors, physiotherapists, cranio osteopaths, acupuncturists, and other health professionals. Working with these other therapists who understand the joint and its associated structures may enable us to achieve a greater improvement for the patient than by working alone.
Dr Burford has been a member of the American Academy of Craniofacial Pain [AACP] for almost 20 years and has, by attending courses and passing rigorous exams, achieved the status of ‘Distinguished Fellow’ in that organisation. He attends conference in the United States every year and has completed over 1000 hours of continuing education in this field. Dr Burford has lectured on aspects of the TMJ and its problems in New Zealand, Australia, the US, Canada, Africa, and Romania.
A recent exciting development in this field is the discovery by Dr Brendon Stack [a friend of Johns] that dental splints are capable of calming the effects of movement disorders, including Tourettes Disorder [click here for more on this fascinating subject]. Dr Burford is treating several patients with movement disorders, including Tourettes, with encouraging results.
There are some excellent web sites featuring some of Dr Burford’s friends in the AACP. If you want to read - or listen - to more on this subject, you could try Dr Bob Talley. Just click here